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Imam Khomeini through his theological works explained that God revealed to them heavenly books, so that they may prevent people from indulging into extravagances and immoderations, and bring the human self under the control of reason and the law of Shari’ah.
Imam in his famous work of "an exposition on Forty Hadith" explains as following:
It is possible that wahm, the power of imagination and invention, ghadhab-the power of passion and anger, and shahwah-the power of lust or sensuality, also possess divine aspect, and may bring about felicity and good luck to man, if these powers are subjected to the dictates of reason and good sense and the teachings of prophets of God.
They may become satanic forces if they are unleashed and the power of invention and imagination is allowed to rule and lead other two powers.
It is not a secret that none of the prophets of God ever tried to eradicate the powers of passion, sensuality or imagination completely.
None of the messengers of God have ever demanded to completely kill sensuality and desire or to extinguish the fire of passion or anger and ignore the inventions of imagination.
But they have rather advocated for controlling and bridling them and making them function under the command of reason and Divine Laws.
For each one of these powers struggles to dominate others and win its goal, whatever mischief, chaos, and confusion may be stirred up.
For instance, the obstinate bestial self is determined to reach its goal even if it is resolved on committing adultery with married women in the Holy Ka’bah.
Intractable power of passion arouses the self to win its objective even if it is contemplating to kill prophets and the friends of God.
And the power of imagination, while devising satanic instruments, wants to go its own way, to cause corruption of the whole climate on earth, and to create chaos and disorder in the world.
The great prophets of God were sent to this world with the light of Divine Laws.
God revealed to them heavenly books, so that they may prevent people from indulging into extravagances and immoderations, and bring the human self under the control of reason and the law of Shari’ah, Imam further explains.
To bridle the human self is essential so that it may not exceed the measures of reason and Shari’ah. Hence, every individual who subordinates himself to the Divine Laws and principles of good sense is fortunate, and it is he who attains salvation.
He finds refuge in God, the Most Exalted and the Most High, from the dangers and misfortunes, which might befall him, and thus is saved from the disgrace of assuming those beastly and hideous forms that may accompany him in the Barzakh, in the grave and on the Last Day, as the result of his vicious deeds and corrupt practices.